TravelSpirit Policy Papers
Transport innovations, mobility disruptors and Mobility as a Service will change the transport landscape.
White Paper 1: Open or Closed? The case for openness in Mobility as a Service
There are many elements involved in building the Internet of Mobility. The MaaS ‘ecosystem’ requires contributions from road and rail at the core of public transport to the new disruptors in bike-share and on-demand taxis; to the platform providers which serve up travel options to individual travellers. And in between are various forms of data collection, provision and aggregation, along with the many components of back office payment systems.
In this context what we mean by ‘open’ is many layered. Open can be via the provision and use of open data or open source code. Or, via the growth of local eco-systems of providers who use these open tools to create new businesses and business models. Or through the sharing of data.
‘Closed’, on the other hand, creates proprietary systems which, often as not, will not work with other functionally similar systems within the same sector. Yet convergence is often desirable for efficiency.
This white paper explores the case for openness in Mobility as a Service.
With Giles Bailey, Jeremy Dalton, Si Ho
White Paper 2: TravelSpirit Index of Openness
The TravelSpirit Openness Index for Mobility as a Service is a practical tool to help create openness in developing MaaS projects.
Transport Practitioners are encouraged to download the tool and use it to assess programmes and activities in development.
TravelSpirit will collate and benchmark project assessments and refine the tool as Mobility as a Service develops in the UK.
With Chris Lane, James Gleave, Giles Bailey, Jeremy Dalton, Si Ho
White Paper 3: Autonomy: The role of robotics and artificial intelligence in public transportation and urban mobility for cities
A range of autonomous vehicles (AVs), enabled by Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (RAI), are necessary for the evolution of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) as a global resource.
This white paper sets out our initial position and frames the debate around developments in autonomous mobility and how it can shape the new mobility frontier. It identifies concerns about autonomous transport solutions being developed by technologists, without a broader public policy framework. We highlight the risks that this direction of business development poses and how technology-driven innovation may present a serious threat to the vitality of our society.
With Giles Bailey, Si Ho and Sophie Peachey